Archaeological Impact Assessments normally form part of a submission for planning permission and are undertaken to determine the potential for archaeological remains in an area. Assessments include desktop research, a site visit, an examination of any visible features and the production of a report which describes the archaeological potential of the site, and the potential impact (or lack thereof) of a proposed development on archaeological heritage. The purpose of the report is to allow the relevant authorities to make an informed decision on each individual development proposal.
In the case of sites which contain a ruined archaeological monuments, the impact assessment is slightly different as it involves the study of the ruined building or structure, and is sometimes called a historic building assessment. The archaeological study of buildings is an investigation of fabric, materials and the way they are used in construction to understand the construction of the building, and how it may have changed over time. We undertake a range of building surveys, assessments and historical building analyses as part of research studies, and to satisfy planning requirements for archaeological monuments, historic buildings and protected structures to support conservation projects. Archaeological building assessments are often undertaken at pre-planning stage and as part of restoration or refurbishment projects.
Previous projects have included studies of castles and other medieval and post-medieval fortifications, churches, high crosses, martello towers, mills, bridges, follies and dwellings.
Bolton, Jason, Carey, Tim, Goodbody, Rob & Clabby, Gerry (2012) Martello Towers of Dublin. Dublin. Dun Laoghaire-Rathdown County Council and Fingal County Council.
Bolton, J. (2010) “Carved stone in Romanesque Ireland: use, decay and conservation”, 7th International Conference on Science and Technology in Archaeology and Conservation Workshop on Documentation and Conservation of Stone deterioration in Heritage Places Petra, Jordan, December 7 to 12, 2010.
Bolton, J. (2010) “Irish Medieval Mortars: Implications for the formulation of new replacement mortars”, 2nd Historic Mortars Conference & RILEM TC 203-RHM Repair Mortars for Historic Buildings, Prague, 22-24 September 2010. Czech Republic. Institute of Theoretical and Applied Mechanics & RILEM. Pp.19-28
Bolton, Jason (2009) A Directory of Archaeological Sources for County Kildare. Naas. Kildare Council Council.
Bolton, Jason (2008) Discovering Historic Fingal: A Guide to the Study of Monuments, Historic Structures and Landscapes. Swords. Fingal County Council.
Pavia, S. & Bolton, J. (2001) Stone Monuments Decay Study 2000: Assessment of the degree of erosion and degradation of stone monuments in the Republic of Ireland. Kilkenny. The Heritage Council.
Pavia, S. & Bolton, J. (2000) Stone Brick and Mortar: Historical Use, Decay and Conservation of Building Materials in Ireland. Bray. Wordwell.